Landmark cases decided by the Indian courts

September 17, 2012, by | Start Discussion

Having covered almost all the cyber legal issues till date, we will have a look at some of the landmark cases decided by the Indian courts till date from this issue onwards. First in the list is famous case of I hope you will enjoy reading verdicts given by Indian courts.

Avnish Bajaj Vs. State (N.C.T.) of Delhi

(2005)3CompLJ364 (Del), 116(2005) DLT427, 2005(79) DRJ576

Facts –

Avnish Bajaj – CEO of, a customer-to-customer website, which facilitates the online sale of property. receives commission from such sales and also generates revenue from advertisements carried on its web pages.

An obscene MMS clipping was listed for sale on on 27th November, 2004 in the name of “DPS Girl having fun”. Some copies of the clipping were sold through and the seller received the money for the sale.

Avnish Bajaj was arrested under section 67 of the Information Technology Act, 2000 and his bail application was rejected by the trial court. He then approached the Delhi High Court for bail.

Arguments by the prosecution –

  1. The accused did not stop payment through banking channels after learning of the illegal nature of the transaction.
  2. The item description “DPS Girl having fun” should have raised an alarm.

Arguments by the defendants –

  1. Section 67 of the Information Technology Act relates to publication of obscene material. It does not relate to transmission of such material.
  2. On coming to learn of the illegal character of the sale, remedial steps were taken within 38 hours, since the intervening period was a weekend.

Findings of the court

  1. It has not been established from the evidence that any publication took place by the accused, directly or indirectly.
  2. The actual obscene recording/clip could not be viewed on the portal of
  3. The sale consideration was not routed through the accused.
  4. Prima facie had endeavored to plug the loophole.
  5. The accused had actively participated in the investigations.
  6. The nature of the alleged offence is such that the evidence has already crystallized and may even be tamper proof.
  7. Even though the accused is a foreign citizen, he is of Indian origin with family roots in India.
  8. The evidence that has been collected indicates only that the obscene material may have been unwittingly offered for sale on the website.
  9. The evidence that has been collected indicates that the heinous nature of the alleged crime may be attributable to some other person.

Decision of the court

  1. The court granted bail to Mr. Bajaj subject to furnishing two sureties of Rs. 1 lakh each.
  2. The court ordered Mr. Bajaj to surrender his passport and not to leave India without the permission of the Court.
  3. The court also ordered Mr. Bajaj to participate and assist in the investigation.

Sagar is a Law graduate. He is Head at Asian School of Cyber Laws(Maharashtra). He specializes in Cyber Law, Intellectual Property Law and Corporate Law. He teaches at numerous educational institutions across India.

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